Sudan has been a land of bitter conflict, where civil wars have caused over 2 millions deaths, forced millions of people from their homes and prevented economic development. Conflict in Sudan’s Darfur region has seen 3.6 million people endure a cruel mix of conflict, displacement, drought and failed harvests.
Sudan regularly suffers prolonged food shortages due to droughts as well as other factors and, weakened by malnutrition, many people struggle to fight disease. Malaria is amongst the biggest enemies, as over 100,000 people die annually from this disease as well as acute respiratory infections and diarrhoea.
Islamic Relief was first formed to respond to a famine in Sudan in 1982 and is thus the first country that Islamic Relief worked in. Since then, Islamic Relief’s work has expanded significantly.
As well as responding to the emergencies, mainly as a result of conflict, Islamic Relief has worked on many developmental projects, such as providing long term water systems and solutions.
Following the Jan 2011 referendum, South Sudan became an independent country on 9 July 2011. However, this caused new conflicts to flare up in Abyei, South Kordofan and Blue Nile which border South. This new conflict displaced thousands of people, halted recovery programmes and created escalating tension between the two countries.
Due to inflation and increased food prices, the rural and urban poor have faced difficult living conditions. On average food prices have increased by 20% in 2011 putting strain on the urban and rural poor which form the majority of the population.